Features

水洞历千年,瑶台倏变仙。 崎岖天国路,大智力无边!
这世上,有多少这样的快意,定海神针,一万三千六百斤,搅的满天神佛不得安宁。 这世上,又有多少这样的不甘,七十二变,如来佛祖,压在五行山下整整五百年。 你说这金箍棒的主人是一只猴子。 可我看见的,分明是我们自己。

五百年世纪轮回

五百年
堪不破这浮世善恶
和自己的恩怨执着
又是什么惹得
天地压我
神佛拘我
我只记得
我来时目运金光
射冲斗府、惊天动地
我要我身手不凡
长生不死
我还要我今生今世
活得快活洒脱
非人非鬼非妖怪
且怒且悲且狂哉
然而
在我战天斗地
一棍千钧之后
是肆意还是氏惆
挥出去的铁棒
收不回的惆怅
也许,这五百年
让我发现了我的错
这天地万物甚至是我
都不是为了我一个人而活
筋斗云飞的再远
也飞不出那片天么?
但是我已负尽千重罪
不就是为了
练成一颗不死心吗?
若就此投身宿命
天地生我何用?
这五百年
不是让我忘记一切
而是让我重归于
一无所有
勇敢的心像从前一样
任它星图变幻
永不消逝的
还是那流转的光
与其安然沉睡
不如长途跋涉
行遍大道
千里万里
天为被地为席
紫金冠换作破斗笠
芒草鞋替下步云履
万古长空下
唤我一声行者
足矣

齐天大圣

致齐天大圣
好一个火眼金睛的
齐天大圣
一只小毛猴
有何本领
西天一路的妖魔鬼怪
你只不过打杀了一个
荒山野岭的白骨精
那一个个有佛祖神仙做主子的
妖魔
哪一个不是在你的金箍棒下
死里逃生
说什么保唐僧取真经
普度芸芸众生
做了佛成了仙
一个迷糊就孳生出祸害俗界的
妖精
大圣啊
你自命法力齐天
我问佛祖如来
五百年的镇压
你是否清醒
我问南海观音
默默的咒语
能否触击你的灵魂
在风云际会的时刻
我问八戒沙僧
师傅有难
如何前行
我看那
老百姓还是眼巴巴的指望你
大圣降临


日月精华孕育生,神通广大叹虚名。
刀枪火海从容过,五岳三江半刻程。
编外妖魔全棒下,仙家内鬼未降成。
金睛看透圈中事,背后之山不可轻。


毛脸猴腮一美公,出生天地石胎中。
海风洗练云霞裹,日月穿行雨露融。
筋斗轻翻飞万里,神针漫舞闯千宫。
师徒百难西游去,除怪降妖好悟空。


大圣齐天何处寻,茫茫云海有回音。
取经路上妖魔惧,正果途中佛祖钦。
怒奋金箍清玉宇,圆睁火眼洞妖心。
九州同盼灵猴出,横扫霾氛铄古今。

齐天大圣--孙悟空

纵然天孕起凡尘,遍访千山想作真。
受业三星斜月洞,成名十载正妖身。
收降岭后山前怪,镇住天空地下人。
几想王庭争吏位,何曾班里闹加薪。
草根思想如来怒,大圣冤情石下呻。
顶上金箍约束急,冥中咒语乱心频。
甘心此去灵台路,有意修成玉阙神。
暗道官妖为一物,自思唐僧救万民。
一从立意终身念,世上难平侧目嗔。


石破天惊出神猴,游历四海仙术求。
  菩提传授神仙术,艺高胆大上重楼。
  纵起筋斗十万里,上天入地不犯愁。
  龙宫获得海神针,如意金箍胜敌酋。
  呼风唤雨惊天地,七十二变降魔头。
  偷吃蟠桃盗仙丹,王母老君视为仇。
  大闹天宫气豪迈,齐天大圣美名留。
  西天取经保唐僧,火眼金睛有勇谋。
  护师取经成正果,斗战胜佛获自由。
  

天真地秀仙胞孕,目射金光斗府惊。
十万将兵非敌手,九重宫阙有威名。
妖魔除尽神通显,鬼怪降来是无明。
今日高呼孙大圣,只因钓屿不清平。


五行山下百虚空,缘遇观音再度躬。
牵马陪师求佛路,降魔除怪显神通。
高僧难辨忠奸伪,大圣生寒屈辱蒙。
妖雾重来方醒悟,徒儿唤就锦铺宫。


一声霹雳晴空炸,万丈金光现汝身。
十万天兵难阻挡,三千猴府拜称臣。
神针高举平非是,火眼睁开辩伪真。
西路取经肝胆照,功成圆满坐禅人。


花果仙山好洞天,修行大圣岂安闲。
不平直捣阎罗殿,醉酒疯癫玉帝班。
向善灵机焉落后,除邪果敢就争先。
如今该列革新派,变法真经盖世谈。

悟空工作室项目

悟空工作室长期坚持各类系统开发和宇宙社会管理
目前开发的模块如下:

悟空工作室学习资料网站和项目开源(悟空在天鹰和天狼致力于代码库的维护和开发,目前主要的代码库就是:https://www.ctolib.com/和https://www.oschina.net/ ,欢迎来观摩.......)

General

  • GIMP - A swiss knife for image manipulation.
  • PhotoFlow - A non-destructive photo retouching program including RAW image development.
  • ImageMagick - A suite of command-line utilities for modifying and working with images.
  • GraphicsMagick - GraphicsMagick is usually faster than ImageMagick.

Camera Firmware Mods

  • CHDK - Canon Hack Development Kit, for Canon cameras.
  • Magic Lantern - a software enhancement that offers increased functionality to Canon DSLR cameras.
  • Autoexec Hack - Compilation of hacks for GoPro Cameras.
  • PTool Firmware Manipulation Tool - change the video recording parameters of Panasonic's cameras.
  • Nikon Hacker - Nikon Patch and Nikon Emulator, 2 softwares for Nikon cameras.
  • Xiaomi Yi Autoexec - Compilation of autoexec scripts and mods for Xiaomi Yi camera.

Libraries

  • LibGphoto2 - C APi for Digital camera access and remote control. Java,python,C#, and much more bindings.

Canon

  • OfxCanon - OpenFrameworks addon for the Canon EDSK.
  • Edsdk4j - Canon SDK for Java.

GoPro

  • GoPro - API for controlling GoPro Hero 3 Camera from Node.js.
  • GoPro - GoPro Hero 4 - Python API.
  • GoPro - a Python library and a CLI that can interface with GoPro HERO3, HERO3+, and HERO4 cameras over http.
  • GoPro.Hero - a lightweight c# library to access and control GoPro HERO.

Sony

  • SonyPy - Python module for Sony Camera Remote API.

Utilities

  • Timelapse-sony - Android app for creating timelapse via "Ctrl with Smartphone" mode or connected by NFC.
  • Remoteyourcam-usb - Control your Canon or Nikon DSLR camera from your Android device through USB.

RAW image developers

  • Darktable - An open source photography workflow application and RAW developer.
  • RawTherapee - A cross-platform raw image processing program.
  • Photivo - A multi platform photo processor for RAW and bitmap images with 16 bit precision.
  • Raw Studio - Read and manipulate RAW images from digital cameras.
  • UFRaw - A utility to read and manipulate raw images from digital cameras.
  • DCRaw - Decoding raw digital photos in Linux.
  • Lightzone - Open-source digital darkroom software for Windows/Mac/Linux.
  • Fotoxx - A Linux program for editing photos and other images.

HDR Specific Software

  • Luminance - A complete workflow for HDR imaging
  • QPSFTMO - HDR Tone Mapping GUI for Linux.
  • PFS Tools - A set of command line programs for reading, writing and manipulating HDR images and video frames.

Panorama Stitching

  • Hugin - An easy to use cross-platform panoramic imaging toolchain.
  • Panorama Tools - A framework for re-projecting and blending multiple source images into immersive panoramics of many types.

Photo Organizers

  • Shotwell - A photo manager for GNOME 3
  • DigiKam/ShowFoto - Open Source Photo manager for KDE/Gnome desktop.
  • GPhoto - A program and library framework that lets users download pictures from their digital cameras.
  • Lychee - A great looking and easy-to-use photo-management-system you can run on your server, to manage and share photos.
  • Simple Gallery - A Android gallery app for viewing photos and videos similar to android stock gallery with support for file copy/move/rename/delete/share.
  • Leaf Pic - material-designed android gallery alternative.
  • A Photo Manager - Manage local photos on Android: gallery, geotag with photomap, tags, find, sort, view, copy, delete, send,...

EXIF Editors

  • ExifTool - A program for reading, writing, and manipulating image, audio, and video metadata.

Photo Downloaders

Camera Tetherers

  • Entangle - Entangle provides a GUI for taking photographs with a digital camera completely controlled from the computer.

Monitor Color Correction

Alternative Image Viewers

  • Geeqie - An image viewer and image organiser program for Unix-like operating systems
  • FEH - An X11 image viewer.

Useful GIMP Mods or Scripts

Communities

Resources

Video

General tools

  • FFmpeg - A complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video.
  • Virtualdub - A free video tool for basic editing and encoding.

Compositing software

  • Natron - A node-based compositor based on the same principles as state-of-the art tools used in film and television post-production.
  • ButtleOFX - A simple, user-friendly and open source compositing software.
  • Blender - This open source 3D graphics has tools for video editing.
  • Shotcut - A free, open source, cross-platform video editor.

Video Libraries

  • OpenFX - An Open Plug-in API for 2D Visual Effects.
  • TuttleOFX - An image processing framework based on OpenFX plugin format.
  • Vid.stab - A video stabilization library which can be plugged-in with Ffmpeg and Transcode.
  • Frei0r - A large collection of free and portable video plugins.

Scripts

Video to Panorama

Using FFmpeg and Hugin.

#!/bin/bash
mkdir -p /tmp/images
ffmpeg -i video.avi -r 5 -qscale 3  tmp/images/image-%3d.jpg
pto_gen -o tmp/hugin.pto tmp/images/*.jpg
cpfind --multirow -o tmp/hugin.pto tmp/hugin.pto
cpclean -o tmp/hugin.pto tmp/hugin.pto
linefind -o tmp/hugin.pto tmp/hugin.pto
autooptimiser -a -l -s -m -o tmp/hugin.pto tmp/hugin.pto
pano_modify -o tmp/hugin.pto --center --fov=AUTO --canvas=70% tmp/hugin.pto
pto2mk -o tmp/hugin.mk -p tmp/output tmp/hugin.pto
make -f tmp/hugin.mk all

Academic

Articles

  • Allowing Things to Arise - How to handle the desire to get rid of negative mind states.
  • Grasping and Clining - The four different kinds of attachment and how to eliminate the causes of those attachments.
  • Letting Go - Letting go through contemplation, explained with concrete examples.
  • ThoughtCo - Clear and well-written series on Buddhism by Barbara O'Brien, with many references to the Pāli Canon.

Blogs

Books

Dhamma Talks

Audio

  • BuddhaNet - Sample of talks from teachers of several traditions, both lay and ordained.
  • dhamma.audio - Library of teachings from a wide variety of places, sortable by teacher and collection.
  • dhammatalks.org - English translations of suttas, audio talks, and books by Thanissaro Bhikkhu.
  • Tisarana - Recorded talks from Tisarana Buddhist Monastery in Canada.

Forums

  • Discuss & Discover - Forums for SuttaCentral early Buddhist texts.
  • Dhamma Wheel - Discussion on a wide variety of topics pertaining to Theravada Buddhism.
  • Dhammaloka Community - Ask and learn from the members of Dhammaloka City Centre in Australia.

Organizations

  • Forest Sangha - Home of the international monasteries in the Thai Forest Tradition of Ajahn Chah.
  • Sirimangalo International - Teachings on meditation and Buddhism in audio, video, and printed format. It is also a meditation centre located in Hamilton, Ontario.

Pali

Places

Monasteries

  • Abhayagiri - Redwood Valley, California - Environment in which individuals and families are given the opportunity to be in contact with the principles of the Buddha's teachings.
  • Amaravati - Hertfordshire, England - Place of practice for monks and nuns in the Forest Tradition.
  • Aruna Ratanagiri - Northumberland, England - Forest Tradition monastery headed by abbot Ajahn Munindo.
  • Atammayatarama Buddhist Monastery - Woodinville, Washington - Theravada monastery that offers free services, books, and meditation sessions.
  • Bodhinyanarama - Wellington, New Zealand - Sanctuary in a wooded valley that serves as a monastic residence and public area for Buddhist events.
  • Buddha Bodhivana - East Warburton, Victoria, Australia - Forest monastery in a small town.
  • Cittaviveka - Hampshire, England - Primarily a residence for monks and nuns.
  • Dhamma Vihara - Veracruz, Mexico - Facilitates group and individual meditation retreats.
  • Dhammapala - Kandersteg, Switzerland - Quiet monastery in the mountains.
  • Mosteiro Suddhavāri - S?o Louren?o, Minas Gerais, Brazil - Forest Tradition monastery with Ajahn Mudito as its resident monastic.
  • Temple Forest Monastery - Temple, New Hampshire - Balance of wilderness, seclusion, and accessibility.
  • Wat Nong Pah Pong - Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand - Forest monastery established by the venerable Ajahn Chah.
  • Wat Pah Nanachat - Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand - Where English-speakers can practice the simple lifestyle as taught by the Buddha.

Temples

  • Wat San Fran - San Francisco, California - Temple for learning, celebrating Buddhist holidays, as well as experiencing Thai culture.

Hermitages

  • Hillside Hermitage - Small hermitage for monks of the Forest Tradition near the Knuckles mountain range in Sri Lanka.
  • Pacific Hermitage - White Salmon, Washington - Small monastery where monks can devote time to study and meditation.
  • The Forest Hermitage - Warwickshire, England - Headquarters of the Buddhist Prison Chaplaincy Organisation.

Suttas

Individual Suttas

Resources

  • Access to Insight - Translations of over one thousand suttas from the Pali Canon.
  • Apadāna (Legends of the Buddhist Saints) - Complete translation of six hundred autobiographical poems ascribed to the accomplished Buddhas and Arahants of the early Buddhist community.
  • dhammadāna - Learn about the Buddha's original teachings in French, English, Italian, Burmese, and Japanese.
  • Dhammapada - Short verses that summarize the essential principles of the Buddha's teachings.
  • Parallel Reading of the Dhammapada - Read and compare multiple versions of the Dhammapada side-by-side.
  • Sādhu! - World directory of physical locations and websites.
  • SuttaCentral - Early Buddhist texts, translations, and parallels in many languages.

Videos

Individual Videos

  • Ask A Monk: Divorce - Discussion of divorce that leads back to the fundamentals of Buddhism.
  • Ask A Monk: Life Partners - Suffering does not come from not getting what you want, but from the wanting itself.
  • Dana en Wat Pah Nanachat - A walk through of daily life at Wat Pah Nanachat, focusing on the topic of generosity and the role it plays in Buddhist life. (Espa?ol with English subtitles)
  • The Mindful Way - BBC documentary about the life and function of a Buddhist monastery of the Forest Tradition in Thailand.

YouTube Channels

Introduction

Meditation

  • How to Meditate - Learn how to meditate with plain-language instructions and advice. - General
  • Tibetan Buddhist Meditation - Learn how to practice Tibetan Buddhist Meditation by focusing your attention on the mind. - Tibetan
  • Meditation Online - Online meditation groups using video chat. - General

Selected Buddhist Teachings

On Relationships

On Money

On Science

On Anger

On Technology

History of Buddhism

Academic Resources

Notable Teachers

Media

Magazines

Blogs

Social

Podcasts

Art

Music

Book Publishers

More Compilation Websites

  • DharmaNet - DharmaNet is a multi-media resource center for learning about meditation, wisdom, and compassionate action.
  • Study Buddhism - Study Buddhism is an extensive source of authentic Buddhist teachings, presented in a down-to-earth and practical way. Free, the aim is to make the wisdom of Tibet available and accessible.

Buddhist Organizations

  • Tzu Chi - Taiwanese international humanitarian and non-governmental organization (NGO) founded by Master Cheng Yen, a Taiwanese Buddhist nun. ????

Explore The World of Buddhism

This next section is a "map" of the various schools of Buddhism.

Theravada ???? ???? ???? ????

Bangledesh

  • Wikipedia
  • Sangharaj Nikaya - The Sangharaja Nikaya is a tradition of Theravada Buddhism, located in Bangladesh. The community consists largely of rural Bengali Buddhists. It was formed in 1864 by Sangharaja Saramedha Mahasthavira.
  • Mahasthabir Nikaya - The Mahasthabir Nikaya is a Bengali order of Buddhist monks. They are doctrinally identical to the Sangharaj Nikaya. Differences between the lineages are purely practical, i.e., they advocate different day-to-day practices for their monks. The distinction served only to maintain an organizational front, not a doctrinal opposition.

Burma

  • Wikipedia
  • Thudhamma Nikaya - Thudhamma Nikaya is the largest monastic order of monks in Burma, with 85-90% of Burmese monks (250,000) belonging to this order.
  • Shwegyin Nikaya - Shwegyin Nikaya is the second largest monastic order of monks in Burma. Approximately five percent (50,000) of Burma's monks belong to this order.
  • Dvaya Nikaya - Dvaya Nikaya a small monastic order of monks in Burma, numbering a three to four thousand monks, primarily in Lower Myanmar. The order is very conservative with respect to Vinaya regulations.
  • Hngettwin Nikaya - Hngettwin Nikaya is a monastic order of monks in Burma, numbering approximately 1,000 monks, primarily in Mandalay.

Sri Lanka

Thailand

Vipassana Movement

Tantric Therevada

See in Other Vajrayana.

Mahayana

Chan and Zen ???? ???? ???? ???? ????

Chan

  • Wikipedia - Chan is a tradition of Mahāyāna Buddhism developed in China from the 6th century CE onwards. After Yuan Dynasty (1279–1368), Chan more or less fused with Pure Land Buddhism. Chan spread south to Vietnam as Thi?n and north to Korea as Seon, and, in the 13th century, east to Japan as Zen.
  • Exploring Chan

Korean Seon

  • Wikipedia - Seon is the religious Korean denomination of Chan Buddhism tradition. A primary feature of Seon Buddihism is a method of mediation, Ganhaw Seon. In the early 20th century, Master Kyongho (1849–1912), re-energized Korean Seon.
  • Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism

Japanese Zen

  • Wikipedia - Zen is the Japanese variant of Chan Buddhism, a Mahayana school that strongly emphasizes dhyana concentration-meditation. This practice, according to Zen proponents, gives insight into one's true nature, or the emptiness of inherent existence, which opens the way to a liberated way of living.

Sōtō

  • Wikipedia - Sōtō is the largest of the three traditional sects of Zen in Japanese Buddhism. It emphasizes Shikantaza, meditation with no objects, anchors, or content. The meditator strives to be aware of the stream of thoughts, allowing them to arise and pass away without interference.
  • Soto Zen International Official Website ????
  • The Shōbōgenzō

Rinzai

  • Wikipedia - Rinzai is one of three sects of Zen in Japanese Buddhism. Rinzai Zen is marked by the emphasis it places on kensho ("seeing one's true nature") as the gateway to authentic Buddhist practice, and for its insistence on many years of exhaustive post-kensho training to embody the free functioning of wisdom within the activities of daily life.
  • Joint Council of Rinzai and ōbaku Zen ????

ōbaku

  • Wikipedia - ōbaku is often termed the third sect of Zen Buddhism in Japan, it was established in 1661 by a small gruop of masters from China and their Japanese students at Manpuku-ji in Uji, Japan. In addition to their contribution to the culture of Zen in Japan, the ōbaku also "disseminated many aspects of Ming-period culture" in the country.
  • Joint Council of Rinzai and ōbaku Zen ????

Pure Land

Pure Land ???? ???? ???? ???? ????

  • Wikipedia - Pure Land Buddhism is a broad branch of Mahayana Buddhism and one of the most widely practiced traditions of Buddhism in East Asia. Pure Land is a tradition of Buddhist teachings that are focused on the Buddha Amitābha. Pure Land Buddhism is built on the belief that we will never have a world which is not corrupt, so we must strive for re-birth in another plane, referred to as the "Pure Land".

Jōdo Shinshū ????

  • Wikipedia - Jōdo Shinshū also known as Shin Buddhism, is a school of Pure Land Buddhism. It was founded by the former Tendai Japanese monk Shinran. Shin Buddhism is considered the most widely practiced branch of Buddhism in Japan.
  • Jodo Shu Headquarters
  • A Primer of Shin Buddhism

Additional Chinese ????????

Huayan

  • Wikipedia - Huayan is a tradition of Mahayana Buddhist philosophy that first flourished in China during the Tang dynasty. The Huayen teachines are based primarily on the Avatamsaka Sutra. Huayan School is known as Hwaeom in Korea and Kegon in Japan. The tradition had a strong influence on Chan Buddhism.

Additional Japanese ????

Nichiren

  • Wikipedia - Nichiren Buddhism is a branch of Mahayana Buddhism based on the teachings of the 13th century Japanese priest Nichiren (1222–1282). Nichiren Buddhism focuses on the Lotus Sutra doctrine that all people have an innate Buddha-nature. There are two essential emphases in the practice of Nichiren Buddhism. First is the chanting of Nam Myoho Renge Kyo which Nichiren believers contend has extraordinary power. Second is the Gohonzon, a calligraphy which is prominently displayed in the home or temple altars of Nichiren believers.

Soka Gakkai

Vajrayana

Tibetan

  • Wikipedia - Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist Vajrayana doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia. It derives from the latest stages of Indian Buddhism and preserves the Tantric status quo of eighth-century India. It has been spread outside of Tibet, especially due to the Mongol power of the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368), founded by Kublai Khan, that also ruled China. Tibetan Buddhism applies Tantric practices, especially deity yoga, and aspires to Buddhahood.
  • Rigpa Shedra Wiki - An online encyclopedia of Tibetan Buddhism.
  • 84000 - 84000’s primary focus for translation is the canonical Tibetan texts included in the Kangyur and Tengyur.
  • The Berzin Archives - The Berzin Archives is a collection of translations and teachings by Dr. Alexander Berzin primarily on the Mahayana and Vajrayana traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.

Kagyu

  • Wikipedia - Kagyu school, also known as the "Oral Lineage" or Whispered Transmission school, is today regarded as one of six main schools of Himalayan or Tibetan Buddhism. The central teaching of Kagyu is the doctrine of Mahamudra, "the Great Seal".

Four primary branches of Kagyu

"Primary" here refers to those Kagyu lineages founded by the immediate disciples of Gampopa (1079-1153) while "secondary" refers to all the lineages founded by disciples of Phagmo Drupa (1110-1170), the main disciple of Gampopa.

Karma Kagyu
  • Wikipedia - The Karma Kagyu is the most widely practiced lineage within the Kagyu school. The lineage has long-standing monasteries in Tibet, China, Russia, Mongolia, India, Nepal, and Bhutan, and current centers in at least 62 countries. The spiritual head of the Karma Kagyu is the Gyalwa Karmapa, and the 2nd through the 10th Karmapas were the principal spiritual advisors to successive Emperors of China. The Karma Kagyu are sometimes called the "Black Hat" Lamas, in reference to the Black Crown worn by the Karmapa.
Barom Kagyu
  • Wikipedia - The Barom Kagyu was founded by Gampopa's disciple Barompa Darma Wangchuk in 1160. This school was popular in the Principality of Nangchen in Kham (modern Nangqên County, Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, southern Qinghai) where it has survived in one or two pockets to the present day.
Tshalpa Kagyu (Absorbed)
  • Wikipedia - The Tshalpa Kagyu was established by Zhang Yudrakpa Ts?ndru Drakpa (1123–1193), who founded Tsel Gungtang Monastery. Lama Zhang was a disciple of Gampopa's nephew Dagpo Gomtsul Tsultim Nyingpo (1116–1169). The Tshalpa Kagyu tradition continued to function independently until the 15th century when it was absorbed by the Gelug, who still maintain many of its transmissions.
Phagdru Kagyu (Extinct)
  • Wikipedia - The Phagdru Kagyu was founded by Phagmo Drupa Dorje Gyalpo. From 1435 to 1481 the power of the Phagmodrupa declined and they were eclipsed by the Rinpungpa of Tsang, who patronized the Karma Kagyu. The Phagmo Drupa monastery of Dentsa Thel was destroyed during the Chinese Cultural Revolution.

Eight Secondary Branches of Kagyu

"Primary" here refers to those Kagyu lineages founded by the immediate disciples of Gampopa (1079-1153) while "secondary" refers to all the lineages founded by disciples of Phagmo Drupa (1110-1170), the main disciple of Gampopa.

Drikung Kagyu
  • Wikipedia - The Drikung Kagyu was founded by Jigten Sumg?n (1143-1217) of the Kyura clan, who was the disciple of Phagmo Drupa. The first and main Drikung Kagyu monastery is Drikung Thil Monastery founded in 1179 by Jigten Sumg?n approximately 150 kilometers northeast of Lhasa. The Drikung lineage is popularly known for its development of the practice of Phowa, in which a practitioner learns how to expel his/her consciousness or mindstream through the posterior fontanelle at the top of the skull at the moment of death. Another unique feature of the Drikung lineage is its female dharmapāla, Achi Chokyi Drolma. One of the two current heads of the lineage are Drikung Kyabg?n Chetsang Rinpoche the 37th Drikungpa, and Drikung Kyabg?n Chungtsang Rinpoche, the 36th Drikungpa.
  • Official Website
Lingre Kagyu
  • Wikipedia - Lingre Kagyu refers to the lineages founded by Lingrepa Pema Dorje.
Drukpa Lineage
  • Wikipedia - The Drukpa lineage was founded in west Tibet by Tsangpa Gyare (1161–1211), a student of Ling Repa. Within the Drukpa Lineage, there are further regional sub-schools, most notably the eastern Kham tradition and middle Drukpa school which prospered in Ladakh and surrounding areas. In Bhutan the Drukpa Lineage is the dominant school and state religion.
Shuksep Kagyu (Extinct)
  • Wikipedia - The Shuksep Kagyu was established by Gyergom Chenpo Zh?nnu Drakpa (1090–1171). The Shuksep Kagyu emphasized the Mahamudra teachings of the Dohas, spiritual songs of realization by Indian masters such as Saraha, Shavaripa, Tilopa, Naropa and Maitripa.
Taklung Kagyu
  • Wikipedia - The Taklung Kagyu was founded by Taklung Thangpa Tashi Pal in 1180 CE. Like the other Sarma schools, it is part of the second founding of Buddhism in Tibet and incorporates the teachings of the early Kadam school. The Taklung Lineage teaches Mahamudra practices in particular.
Trophu Kagyu
  • Wikipedia - The Trophy Kagyu was established by Gyeltsa Rinchen G?n (1118–1195) and Künden Repa (1148–1217), and was developed by their nephew, Thropu Lotsawa, who invited Pandit Shakyasri of Kashmir, Buddhasri and Mitrayogin to Tibet.
Yazang Kagyu (Absorbed)
  • Wikipedia - The Yazang Kagyu was founded by Sharawa Kalden Yeshe Sengge, d. 1207. The Yazang Kagyu survived as an independent school at least until the 16th century.
Yelpa Kagyu
  • Wikipedia - The Yelpa Kagyu was established by Druptop Yéshé Tsekpa, b. 1134. He established two monasteries, Shar Yelphuk and Jang Tana.

Other Kagyu

Shangpa Kagyu
  • Wikipedia - The Shangpa Kagyu lineage was founded by the 11th-century Tibetan scholar Khyungpo Neljor. Seeking to increase his understanding of the teachings he received in Tibet, he traveled to India. On his return to Tibet, Khyungpo Neljor established a monastery at Shang in Tsang. The Shangpa lineage is often referred to as the "secret lineage" because Niguma instructed Khyungpo Neljor to transmit the teachings to only one student for the first seven generations beginning with Vajradhara and Niguma.

Nyingma

  • Wikipedia - The Nyingma tradition is the oldest of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. The Nyingma particularly believes in hidden terma treasures and place an emphasis on Dzogchen. The Nyingma tradition actually comprises several distinct lineages that all trace their origins to the Indian master Padmasambhava. Traditionally, Nyingmapa practice was advanced orally among a loose network of lay practitioners. Monasteries with celibate monks and nuns, along with the practice of reincarnated spiritual leaders are later adaptations.

Sakya

  • Wikipedia - The Sakya tradition developed during the second period of translation of Buddhist scripture from Sanskrit into Tibetan in the late 11th century. It was founded by Drogmi, a famous scholar and translator who had studied at the Vikramashila directly under Naropa, Ratnākara?ānti, Vagishvakirti and other great panditas from India for twelve years. The head of the Sakya school, known as Sakya Trizin, is always drawn from the male line of the Kh?n family.

Other Tibetan Schools/Movements

Jonang

  • Wikipedia - Jonang is one of the smaller schools of Tibetan Buddhism. Its origins in Tibet can be traced to early 12th century master Yumo Mikyo Dorje. The Jonang school was widely thought to have become extinct in the late 17th century. The Jonang re-established their religio-political center in Golok, Nakhi and Mongol areas of Kham and Amdo with the school's seat at Dzamthang Monastery and have continued practicing uninterrupted to this day.

Kadam (Extinct)

  • Wikipedia - Kadam was founded by Dromt?n (1005–1064), a Tibetan lay master and the foremost disciple of the great Bengali master Ati?a. The school is known for it's Lojong Oral Transmission Teachings. The Kadam tradition ceased to exist as an independent tradition by the end of the 16th century. Nowadays the Gelug tradition keeps and transmits the Kadam lineage of the Scriptural Traditions of the Six Canonical Texts. Together with Dagpo Kagyu Tradition they keep and transmit The Pith Instructions of the Sixteen Essences, and the Dagpo Kagyu Tradition keeps and transmits the Key Instructions of the Four Noble Truths.

Rime Movement

  • Wikipedia - The Rimé movement is a movement involving the Sakya, Kagyu and Nyingma schools of Tibetan Buddhism, along with some Bon scholars. Rimé was intended to recognize the differences between traditions and appreciate them, while also establishing a dialogue which would create common ground. Rimé is responsible for a number of scriptural compilations, such as the Rinchen Terdzod and the Sheja Dz?.

New Kadampa

  • Wikipedia - The New Kadampa Tradition – International Kadampa Buddhist Union (NKT—IKBU) is a global Buddhist new religious movement founded by Kelsang Gyatso in England in 1991. The NKT-IKBU describes itself as ‘an entirely independent Buddhist tradition’ inspired and guided by ‘the ancient Kadampa Buddhist Masters and their teachings, as presented by Kelsang Gyatso’.

Japanese Vajrayana ????

Shingon

  • Wikipedia - Shingon is one of the major schools of Buddhism in Japan and one of the few surviving Vajrayana lineages in East Asia, originally spread from India to China through traveling monks such as Vajrabodhi and Amoghavajra.

Tendai

  • Wikipedia - Tendai is a Japanese school of Mahayana Buddhism, a descendant of the Chinese Tiantai or Lotus Sutra school. Tendai gave rise to Nichiren and Jōdo-shū, a form of Pure Land Buddhism.

Shugendō

  • Wikipedia - Shugendō is a highly syncretic religion that originated in Heian Japan. Shugendō evolved during the 7th century from an amalgamation of beliefs, philosophies, doctrines and ritual systems drawn from local folk-religious practices, pre-Buddhist mountain worship, Shinto, Taoism and Vajrayana Buddhism. In modern times, Shugendō is practiced mainly through Tendai and Shingon temples.

Other Vajrayana

Nepalese Newar Buddhism ????

  • Wikipedia - Newar Buddhism is the form of Vajrayana Buddhism practiced by the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. It has developed unique socio-religious elements, which include a non-monastic Buddhist society based on the Newar caste system and patrilineality.

Tantric Theravada

  • Wikipedia - Tantric Theravada is used to refer to certain Tantric and esoteric practices, viewsm and texts within Theravada Buddhism. One specific kind of Tantric Theravada is termed the Yogāvacara tradition and this kind of esoteric Buddhism is most widely practiced today in Cambodia and Laos and in the pre-modern era was a major Buddhist current in Southeast Asia.

Indonesian Esoteric Buddhism ????

  • Wikipedia - Indonesian Esoteric Buddhism refers to the traditions of Vajrayana Buddhism found in Maritime Southeast Asia which emerged in the 7th century along the maritime trade routes and port cities of the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra as well as in Malaysia.

Chinese Esoteric Buddhism ????????

  • Wikipedia - Chinese Esoteric Buddhism refers to traditions of Tantra and Esoteric Buddhism that have flourished among the Chinese. Esoteric Buddhist practices continued to have an influence into the late imperial period and Tibetan Buddhism was also influential during the Yuan dynasty period and beyond.

Korean milgyo ????????

  • Wikipedia - Korean milgyo refers to Vajrayana practices and texts that arrived in Korea during the initial introduction of Buddhism to the region in 372 CE.

Ecumenical and Secular Buddhism


Advanced Discussions in Buddhism

Buddhism in the West

Buddhism in the West

Karma and Rebirth

Karma in Buddhism Rebirth in Buddhism

Cosmology

Buddhist cosmology

Engaged Buddhism

Engaged Buddhism

More

Abhidharma


Awesome Pali Awesome

  • Sutta Central - quickly identify the Chinese, Tibetan, and/or Sanskrit parallels of any given Pali discourses, or vice versa. includes dictionary lookup of terms.

Language reference

Papers

Courses

Bhikkhu Bodhi's A Course in the Pali Language - Designed to help you to learn the basics of Pali grammar and vocabulary through direct study of selections from the Buddha’s discourses. It aims to enable you to read the Buddha’s discourses in the original as quickly as possible.

Resources

  • Buddha Vacana - Pali suttas with a word by word translation in English or French next to each line.

Academic

    古代漢語工具資料集(0152-0219)

    readme.md

    古代漢語工具資料集

    相關資料下載地址:

    百度雲链接: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1kVOkTpH 密码: 3xhn

    一、 字詞查檢

    1. 工具書
    • 《說文解字》 pdf
    • 《康熙字典》
    • 《廣韻》:中古音
    • 《漢語大字典》 pdf
    • 《漢語大詞典》 Mdict
    • 《古漢語常用字字典》 pdf
    2. 查檢網站及軟件
    • 漢典:網址

      • 釋義、讀音
      • 《康熙字典》、《說文解字》
      • 音韻方言、字源字形
    • 國學大師:網址

      • 常用字詞典:《漢語大字典》、《漢語大詞典》《現代漢語詞典》、《中華字海》
      • 說文:《說文解字》系列
      • 訓詁:《故訓匯纂》、《經籍纂詁》
      • 韻書:《廣韻》、《集韻》、《中原音韻》……
      • **字源字形:**甲骨文字典、甲骨文合集,甲骨文字詁林;金文編、金文詁林;秦漢魏晉篆隸字形表……
    • Mdict: 一款免費的電子辭典軟件,可加載外掛辭典,其論壇(掌上百科)上有大量高質量的辭典文檔。

      • 官網:網址
      • 軟件:
        • PC、Android 版見附件
        • IOS版
      • 附件中提供數個較高質量的辭典,路徑為:\Mdict\MdictPC\doc\*.mdx

    二、古籍文獻

    1. 維基文庫:網址
    • 以原文為主,準確度較高。
    2. 中國哲學書電子化計劃:網址
    • 有各家註本;

    • 有原文圖像;

    • 數字化準確度略差,常見錯字。

    3. 古籍今注今譯叢刊
    • 百度雲链接: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1slcB8HR 密码: u369

      古代中国佛经的翻译对佛教在中国/日本/朝鲜等国家和地区的传播起了决定性的作用。古汉语经典的翻译风格,崇尚信达雅,历来为中国佛教信众及知识阶层所欣赏。 典雅的古汉语毕竟与现代标准汉语差别较大,使得古文经典成为普通人修学佛法必须面对的拦路虎。禅世界计划利用互联网众同修的力量,搜集现有的现代汉语经典译文,不断琢磨完善,以期完成一套典范的常用现代汉语佛学经典版本,为佛学的传播贡献力量。特请十方大德同修,随喜功德,为《佛经现代汉语版项目》的完成共同努力,并回向十方法界。这个版本将放在互联网上,供同修们编辑,评论,修改和完善。?

      道德經是中國古代春秋時期偉大的思想家、哲學家、文學家、史學家和道家學派創始人老子(李耳)的哲學著作

      汉语古典文本数据库 本数据库有13000种文本,10万卷,近13亿字,3.14 GB。可以作为对比的是,《四库全书》共收书3503种,79337卷,近230万页,约8亿字。据《中国古籍总目》,全球现存汉语古籍的总量为177107种。 原始文本下载自 殆知阁 提供的资源,在此致谢。 之所以上传至git.io,是因为此数据库虽然便利使用,可明显有不少错误,设想是否可以借助于网络分布式协作的力量,逐步提高文本的质量,在文字可靠性有保障的情况下,也日益扩大其收录内容。

      README.md

      zici

      收集国学/汉语字词拼音相关资源,以备研究学习使用,欢迎补充。

      离线采集性资源

      字词频率

      来自 Chinese Vocabulary Profiler 资源

      单字频率列表:

      双字组频率列表:

      拼音语音

      来自Yabla资源,仅供学习使用,如有侵权请 email 告知。

      汉字转拼音

      汉字转拼音有多种语言实现,但是转换质量、效果参差不齐。

      延伸阅读:《我爱拼音》

      中文分词

      中文数据挖掘、自然语言处理

      字词典/辞典

      中文字体及排版

      语料库/知识库

      拼音TTS语音库

      国学在线资源

      ReadMe.md

      《汉语大字典》第二版九卷本(四川辭書出版社)

      ISBN:978-7-80682-500-6 出版日期:2010-03-25

      《汉语大字典》第二版九卷本(崇文书局)

      ISBN:978-7-5403-1744-7 出版时间:2010-05-01

      作者简介

      《汉语大字典》是中文开发组织编写的世界上规模巨大、音义较完备的一部大型汉语字典之一,由湖北、四川两省三百多位专家、教授历经十年编纂而成。它的出版一举结束了我国“大国家、小字典”的历史,被誉为“共和国的《康熙字典》”,是汉语字典编纂史上的丰碑。《汉语大字典》出版后,先后荣获国家图书奖、中国图书奖、全国图书“金钥匙”奖等奖项。

      内容简介

      《汉语大字典》初版1989年出版,至今已20年。由于事出众手,排版条件有限等原因,初版中存在不少错误。根据大型辞书十年一修订的原则,《汉语大字典》第二版十年前已全面启动,是国家重大出版工程项目,由国内众多有名专家学者倾十年之力共同完成。第二版在继续保留原《汉语大字典》注重形音义密切配合,尽可能历史地、正确地反映汉字形音义发展的特点的同时,吸收语言文字学较新研究成果,全面贯彻执行语言文字规范,纠正了原书中的各类错误,对诸多内容进行了提高性修改。《汉语大字典》第一版及其衍生产品至今累计销量已逾二十万套,创造了较好的社会和经济效益。

      与第一版相比,第二版具有以下十大特点:

      • 1、收字宏富 收字从原5.4万余增加到6万余。
      • 2、字形规范 改原旧字形为新字形,字形规范统一。
      • 3、注音精准 对原注音进行逐一审订,音读更加准确。
      • 4、内容完善 增补音项和例句,解决了大量音义未详字缺音缺义的问题,内容更加完善。
      • 5、释义详备 纠正了各类错误,充分吸收语言文字学最新成果,释义青出于蓝而胜于蓝。
      • 6、查检方便 将原补遗字编入正文,字头检索一次到位,重新编制《笔画检字表》,增加了《音序检字表》。
      • 7、排版精善 改原铅排为电脑激光照排,字迹更加清晰、美观。
      • 8、装帧美观 国内装帧艺术家吕敬人整体设计,封面典雅美观,内文考究。
      • 9、新版纪年表 本书采用了较新的“中国历史纪年表”以方便读者查询使用。本纪年表为新版《辞海》最新采用。
      • 10、网上检索 《汉语大字典》第二版即将开通网上检索功能,全部字头皆可通过网络检索查询相应页码信息。目前支持音序、笔画、手写等三种输入方式,从而实现多途径多方式检索。

      《汉语大字典》字头检索表

      以华宇拼音输入法论坛网友制作的为蓝本,补齐Unicode已定义的CJK-E/F编码区字头。

      感谢为此作出贡献的tsiank、exce、wangyanhansanwsw等网友。

Academic